Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis is defined as a condition characterised by significant restriction of both active and passive shoulder motion. Patients with frozen shoulder typically experience insidious shoulder stiffness, severe pain that usually worsens at night, and near-complete loss of passive and active external rotation of the shoulder. Frozen shoulders can be classified into two categories such as primary and secondary adhesive capsulitis.

 Primary idiopathic frozen shoulder is often associated with other diseases and conditions, such as diabetes mellitus, and may be the first presentation of a diabetic patient. Secondary adhesive capsulitis can occur after shoulder injuries, immobilization  due to rotator cuff tendon tear, subacromial impingement, biceps tenosynovitis and calcific tendonitis.


Some of the things to consider:

  • Thermotherapy
  • Passive Range of Motion 
  • Therapeutic exercises 
  • Manual Therapy
  • E-Stim, Laser and US